- MK-79 MOD 0 Illumination Kit (pencil flare):
- This device is located in your vest. It uses a pencil-type launcher
and cartridge flare to attract attention of SAR.
- WARNING - Prior to securing cartridge into pencil-type launcher, ensure
the launcher is in the cocked position.
- Operation procedure:
- Screw cartridge flare into launcher while keeping flare pointed
in a safe direction.
- Hold launcher directly overhead. Pull back on the trigger and release.
Cartridge flare has a minimum 4.5 second duration and can be launched
to about 200 feet.
- SDU-5/E Distress Marker Light: The SDU-5/E emits a 360
degree beam of light which flashes at a rate of 40-60 flashes per minute for
approximately 12 hours. It is attached to your helmet by mating velcro tape.
Depress ON/OFF switch on bottom of light. Turn the light off if rescue helicopter
approaches to avoid possible flicker vertigo.
- Emergency Signaling Mirror:
- Operating procedure:
- While holding foresight in the left hand, align foresight with target.
with the right hand, place the back of the mirror in the front of either
eye and align the two holes on the target.
- rock mirror until cross lines appear on foresight; the beam should then
be on the target.
- Even if no aircraft or ships are in sight, continue to sweep horizon.
Mirror flashes can be seen for many miles even in hazy weather.
NOTE - Mirror flashes reflect light with a brilliancy of up to 8 million
candle power, which can be seen 45 to 50 miles on a clear day from an
altitude of 50,000 feet.
- MK-13 MOD 0 Marine Smoke and Illumination Signal: This
device is used to attract attention and to give wind drift direction. The
DAY end has an orange cap and no protrusions on cap. The NIGHT end has a red
cap, protrusions on cap, and metal washer attached to lanyard.
- Remove cap from desired end.
- Pull flip ring over signal rim to break lead seal.
- Push bent ring back to original position and use as a lever to break
- Ignite signal by quick pull on ring.
- Ignited MK 13 MOD 0 must be held at arms length downwind to prevent
damage to flotation device from hot residue.
- MK 124 MOD 0 Marine Smoke and Illumination:
- Remove the protective cap from the end to be ignited.
- Slide the firing level horizontally to the fully extended position.
WARNING - Prior to pulling the lever downward, position all fingers below
the top of the signal. Both ends shall never be ignited simultaneously.
- Pull the lever downward applying steady pressure, until the firing
pin is released.
NOTE - If the smoke end flames, briefly immerse it in water or hold it
against a solid, non-flammable object.
- Hold the signal firmly with your arm fully extended overhead at a 45
CAUTION - Ignited smoke/illumination signal must be held at arm’s length
downwind to prevent damage to flotation device from hot residue.
NOTE - The night end is highly visible at night or during overcast daytime
conditions. The day end may be used at night, but is considerably less
visible than the night end.
- After using one end, douse the signal in water to cool it or, if on
land, place the signal on a noncombustible surface to cool. Save the other
end in case it is needed.
- AN/PRC-90 Radio Set: The AN/PRC-90 radio set is a dual-channel
transmitter/receiver capable of transmitting up to 60 nm (line of sight, depending
on receiving aircraft’s altitude). It operates on guard (243.0) or SAR primary
operating frequency (282.8) with a mode for swept-tone signal on 243.0 only.
Transmission of beacon or code can be up to 70 nm. Average battery life is
about 14 hours. Radio is equipped with external earphone jacks to assist pilot
in hearing radio transmission with helmet on.
Airborne damaged aircraft - If the aircraft should sustain
damage because of a midair collision, bird strike, or over stress, the single
most important concern is maintaining or regaining aircraft control.
- If the aircraft is not controllable: BAILOUT
If the aircraft is controllable, monitor engine instruments for unusual
indications and flight controls for free and correct response. Existing conditions
may warrant consideration of an airborne visual check.
- CLIMB. To an altitude greater than 5000’ AGL.
- CHECK flight characteristics in landing configuration, decreasing airspeed
in increments of 10 kts to an airspeed at which a safe landing can be made
(no slower than 80 KIAS).
WARNING - Because of unknown flight characteristics of a damaged aircraft,
a stall may result in uncontrolled flight from which recovery is impossible.
If OCF occurs, immediately execute OUT-OF-CONTROL RECOVERY procedure. If recovery
does not appear imminent and/or cannot be accomplished by 5000’ AGL, BAILOUT.
- Fly a wide or straight in approach and land as soon as possible.
OUT-OF-CONTROL RECOVERY procedures:
- Positively neutralize controls
- PCL - IDLE
- Determine aircraft altitude
WARNING - If recovery from out-of-control flight cannot be accomplished
by 5000 ft-AGL, BAILOUT.
- Determine, AOA (30 units; pegged), airspeed (80-100 kts), and check turn
needle (fully deflected in direction of the spin). Which are essentially your
ERECT SPIN CHARACTERISTICS.
- If in a steady state spin: Execute spin recovery technique as appropriate
(full opposite rudder of turn needle; stick forward of neutral; and aileron
- After the aircraft regains controlled flight: Execute unusual attitude
recovery as appropriate.
CAUTION - Lower power settings reduce torque effect, restrict
onset of rapid airspeed buildup, and enhance controllability. However, departures
from controlled flight in close proximity to the ground may require rapid
power addition upon OCF recover.
Securing the rear cockpit for solo flight - Secure the rear
cockpit in accordance with NATOPS and the solo flight checklist located in the
rear cockpit. Ensure that the parachute is facing forward to prevent pin damage
and that the parachute straps and harness are fastened and secured with the
inertial reel locked. Be certain that the parachute cannot fall forward during
flight and jam the controls. Check all cockpit lights off and all switches off,
especially autoignition. Ensure that the battery switch is on and that inverter
#2 is selected. Check all circuit breakers set. Check for loose objects and
finally close and lock the rear canopy.
- Restraint harness, parachute, and oxygen equipment - SECURE
- Cockpit lights - OFF
- Switches - Battery ON - inverter No. 2 ON, all others AS REQ’D
- Inspect for and secure lose equipment
WARNING - Failure to secure the rear cockpit for solo flight may result in
restriction of flight control movement.
- Aft canopy - CLOSE/LOCK
New Maneuvers for this event:
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the webmaster, Bryan Weatherup
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