C4204 "Fam 12"

Last updated: 3 June, 2008 16:46 by Bryan Weatherup
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Signaling devices:
  1. MK-79 MOD 0 Illumination Kit (pencil flare):
    1. This device is located in your vest. It uses a pencil-type launcher and cartridge flare to attract attention of SAR.
    2. WARNING - Prior to securing cartridge into pencil-type launcher, ensure the launcher is in the cocked position.
    3. Operation procedure:
      1. Screw cartridge flare into launcher while keeping flare pointed in a safe direction.
      2. Hold launcher directly overhead. Pull back on the trigger and release. Cartridge flare has a minimum 4.5 second duration and can be launched to about 200 feet.
  2. SDU-5/E Distress Marker Light: The SDU-5/E emits a 360 degree beam of light which flashes at a rate of 40-60 flashes per minute for approximately 12 hours. It is attached to your helmet by mating velcro tape. Depress ON/OFF switch on bottom of light. Turn the light off if rescue helicopter approaches to avoid possible flicker vertigo.
  3. Emergency Signaling Mirror:
    1. Operating procedure:
    2. While holding foresight in the left hand, align foresight with target.
      with the right hand, place the back of the mirror in the front of either eye and align the two holes on the target.
    3. rock mirror until cross lines appear on foresight; the beam should then be on the target.
    4. Even if no aircraft or ships are in sight, continue to sweep horizon. Mirror flashes can be seen for many miles even in hazy weather.
      NOTE - Mirror flashes reflect light with a brilliancy of up to 8 million candle power, which can be seen 45 to 50 miles on a clear day from an altitude of 50,000 feet.
  4. MK-13 MOD 0 Marine Smoke and Illumination Signal: This device is used to attract attention and to give wind drift direction. The DAY end has an orange cap and no protrusions on cap. The NIGHT end has a red cap, protrusions on cap, and metal washer attached to lanyard.
    1. Remove cap from desired end.
    2. Pull flip ring over signal rim to break lead seal.
    3. Push bent ring back to original position and use as a lever to break seal.
    4. Ignite signal by quick pull on ring.
    5. Ignited MK 13 MOD 0 must be held at arms length downwind to prevent damage to flotation device from hot residue.
  5. MK 124 MOD 0 Marine Smoke and Illumination:
    1. Remove the protective cap from the end to be ignited.
    2. Slide the firing level horizontally to the fully extended position.
      WARNING - Prior to pulling the lever downward, position all fingers below the top of the signal. Both ends shall never be ignited simultaneously.
    3. Pull the lever downward applying steady pressure, until the firing pin is released.
      NOTE - If the smoke end flames, briefly immerse it in water or hold it against a solid, non-flammable object.
    4. Hold the signal firmly with your arm fully extended overhead at a 45 degree angle.
      CAUTION - Ignited smoke/illumination signal must be held at arm’s length downwind to prevent damage to flotation device from hot residue.
      NOTE - The night end is highly visible at night or during overcast daytime conditions. The day end may be used at night, but is considerably less visible than the night end.
    5. After using one end, douse the signal in water to cool it or, if on land, place the signal on a noncombustible surface to cool. Save the other end in case it is needed.
  6. AN/PRC-90 Radio Set: The AN/PRC-90 radio set is a dual-channel transmitter/receiver capable of transmitting up to 60 nm (line of sight, depending on receiving aircraft’s altitude). It operates on guard (243.0) or SAR primary operating frequency (282.8) with a mode for swept-tone signal on 243.0 only. Transmission of beacon or code can be up to 70 nm. Average battery life is about 14 hours. Radio is equipped with external earphone jacks to assist pilot in hearing radio transmission with helmet on.

Airborne damaged aircraft - If the aircraft should sustain damage because of a midair collision, bird strike, or over stress, the single most important concern is maintaining or regaining aircraft control.

  1. If the aircraft is not controllable: BAILOUT
    If the aircraft is controllable, monitor engine instruments for unusual indications and flight controls for free and correct response. Existing conditions may warrant consideration of an airborne visual check.
  2. CLIMB. To an altitude greater than 5000’ AGL.
  3. CHECK flight characteristics in landing configuration, decreasing airspeed in increments of 10 kts to an airspeed at which a safe landing can be made (no slower than 80 KIAS).

    WARNING - Because of unknown flight characteristics of a damaged aircraft, a stall may result in uncontrolled flight from which recovery is impossible. If OCF occurs, immediately execute OUT-OF-CONTROL RECOVERY procedure. If recovery does not appear imminent and/or cannot be accomplished by 5000’ AGL, BAILOUT.
  4. Fly a wide or straight in approach and land as soon as possible.


  1. Positively neutralize controls
  2. PCL - IDLE
  3. Determine aircraft altitude

    - If recovery from out-of-control flight cannot be accomplished by 5000 ft-AGL, BAILOUT.
  4. Determine, AOA (30 units; pegged), airspeed (80-100 kts), and check turn needle (fully deflected in direction of the spin). Which are essentially your ERECT SPIN CHARACTERISTICS.
  5. If in a steady state spin: Execute spin recovery technique as appropriate (full opposite rudder of turn needle; stick forward of neutral; and aileron neutral).
  6. After the aircraft regains controlled flight: Execute unusual attitude recovery as appropriate.

    CAUTION - Lower power settings reduce torque effect, restrict onset of rapid airspeed buildup, and enhance controllability. However, departures from controlled flight in close proximity to the ground may require rapid power addition upon OCF recover.

Securing the rear cockpit for solo flight - Secure the rear cockpit in accordance with NATOPS and the solo flight checklist located in the rear cockpit. Ensure that the parachute is facing forward to prevent pin damage and that the parachute straps and harness are fastened and secured with the inertial reel locked. Be certain that the parachute cannot fall forward during flight and jam the controls. Check all cockpit lights off and all switches off, especially autoignition. Ensure that the battery switch is on and that inverter #2 is selected. Check all circuit breakers set. Check for loose objects and finally close and lock the rear canopy.

  1. Restraint harness, parachute, and oxygen equipment - SECURE
  2. Cockpit lights - OFF
  3. Switches - Battery ON - inverter No. 2 ON, all others AS REQ’D
  4. Inspect for and secure lose equipment

    WARNING - Failure to secure the rear cockpit for solo flight may result in restriction of flight control movement.
  5. Aft canopy - CLOSE/LOCK


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