C4004 Maneuvers

Basic Transitions

Normal/Fast Cruise to Climb
1. Power - Increase to 1015 ft-lbs
2. Attitude - Raise the nose placing the smokestacks on the horizon. Commence clearing turns as appropriate.
3. Trim - Right and Up for the climb
4. Approach 120 kts, lower the nose to the 120 kt climb out attitude (cowl seam on the horizon).
5. Retrim
6. Maintain 1015 ft-lbs as you climb by advancing PCL.

Climb to Normal/Fast Cruise
1. 200 ft prior to level off altitude, lower the nose toward the level flight attitude as the aircraft accelerates and climbs.
2. Trim Left and Down.
3. Approaching normal/fast cruise airspeed, execute PAT principle.

Normal/Fast Cruise to Enroute Descent
1. Execute PAT principle:
Power ..................... 300 ft-lbs
Attitude ................... Nose Down
Trim ........................ Left Rudder, Nose Up
2. Perform clearing turns/ICA if descending more than 1,000 ft.

Enroute Descent to Normal/Fast Cruise
1. 100 ft prior to level off altitude, execute PAT principle:
Power ..................... Cruise
Attitude ................... Level Flight
Trim ........................ Right Rudder, Nose Down


Speed (KIAS)

Power (ft-lb)


Fast cruise




Normal Cruise




Slow Cruise




Normal Climb



Cowl seam on horizon

En Route Descent




Fast Cruise En Route Descent




Downwind Configuration



Gear down, flaps up

Approach Configuration (LAC)



Gear down, flaps down

Turn Pattern

  1. Cardinal heading (North, South, East, or West)
  2. Configuration: 150 kias Clean (Normal cruise) TRIMMED
  3. Checklist not required.
  4. Clear the area using 1/3 rule.
    Clear 15° AOB, 30°   heading change, lead reversal by
    Clear 30° AOB, 90°   heading change, lead reversal by 10° *slight power
    Clear 45° AOB, 180° heading change, lead reversal by 15° *power & fwd stick
  5. Roll out on original cardinal heading and hold light forward stick pressure to prevent ballooning.
  6. CHOP power - 600-650 ft-lbs, 150 kias (Normal cruise, horiz bisect).


  1. Call tower for clearance
  2. When crossing the hold short line, call for the line-up checklist
  3. When aligned on the runway and cleared for takeoff, add power to 400 ft-lbs and check engine instruments. Report “Instruments checked” over the ICS.
  4. Select a reference point. Position the stick in neutral. Release the brakes. Maintain directional control using rudder pressure. Advance PCL to maximum allowable within three seconds.
  5. At approximately 70 - 80 kts, smoothly apply back stick pressure and position the nose to takeoff attitude (cowl seam on the horizon). Maintain this attitude and allow the aircraft to fly itself off the deck at 80 - 85 kts.
  6. When a safe landing can no longer be made on the runway, check fuel caps for streaming fuel, report “Fuel caps secure,” raise the landing gear and report “Three up and locked.”
  7. Set the 120 kt climbing attitude (cowl seam on the horizon). Climb out in accordance with course rules. Retrim as necessary.
  8. Perform cruise checklist.
  9. Call Departure.

Slow Flight:

  1. Configuration: 90 kias Dirty
  2. Checklist: Stall Checklist (BRAER/BCHAIR)
  3. Clearing turns: 30 deg. AOB for 180 deg. *Gear is down = max 30°
  4. CHOP POWER - 400 ft-lbs, then add...
  5. POWER to stabilize at 25-26 units AOA RIGHT TRIM
    Rudder, Elevator, Aileron pressures
    Roll shallow AOB turns
    Turn w/o rudder (uncoordinated)
    Turn w/rudder (coordinated)
  7. POWER: 1015. Check for 90-120...
  8. DROP gear & flaps
  9. CHOP power for NORMAL CRUISE (150 kias, 600-650 ft-lbs)

Power Off Stall (POS):

  1. Configuration: Slow cruise (120 kias Clean)
  2. Checklist (BCHAIR)
  3. Clearing turns: 45°AOB for 180°
  4. CHOP POWER - 200 ft-lbs, TRIM for 100 kt descent "glide attitude" (horiz bisect)
  5. STACKS on horizon (nose 12°-15° above normal cruise)
  6. STALL
    Relax back stick pressure
    Raise nose to resume 100 kt power-off attitude (horiz bisect)
    Max (complete when in 100 kt power-off glide)

Approach Turn Stall (ATS):

  1. Configuration: 90 kts, Dirty, Landing Lights ON, (6500’ AGL)
    (Use level speed change into downwind configuration w/landing checklist)
  2. Checklist: BCHAIR
  3. Clearing turns: 30° AOB, 180 deg.
  4. Power 300 ft-lb; TRIM L/U for 90 KIAS descent
  5. 30° AOB
  6. Power 200 ft-lb and put lower stack on horizon (12-15°)
  7. RELAX backstick, MAX power, ROLL wings level
  8. Climb at 90 KIAS to the next 500’ interval
  9. Level off, trim for 90 KIAS steady-level flight
  10. Power 600 ft-lb TRIM L/U
  11. Normal Cruise, Landing Lights OFF, Auto Ignition Switch OFF

Break Interval - You are #1 for the break when:

  1. The aircraft ahead is:
    a. Turning crosswind
    b. Has completed at least 90° of turn and is abeam or behind your wingtip
  2. The aircraft ahead is:
    a. On downwind
    b. At least 15° behind your wingtip
  3. The aircraft ahead is:
    a. Departing in accordance with course rules
    b. Executing a simulated LAPL
  4. At a tower controlled field:
    a. All the above conditions are met
    b. You are cleared by the tower

Landing Pattern:

  1. The Break, IAW course rules:1000’ AGL, 170 KIAS, WTD on pattern side.
    FLOP 45°
    CHOP 300 ft-lb
    CHECK below 150 KIAS...
    DROP Gear
  2. Downwind: WTD, 100 KIAS, 800’, 500-550 ft-lbs
    Landing checklist HLBIL up to F
  3. Transition:
    SLOWER 300 ft-lb (275 NF)
    for 90-knot descent
    30° AOB
    "______ Tower/RDO, R________, 180°, 3 down & locked, touch-n-go/full-stop"
    TALK "Gear down, flaps down, landing checklist complete"
  4. 90°: 450', 90 KIAS (96 NF)
    TALK "Gear down, negative paddles"
  5. Final: The groove, 100-150’ AGL, 85 KIAS, wings level, 1200-1500 from point of touchdown.
    NOSE at the numbers
    FLARE / POWER to idle once committed to flare
  6. PCL full Beta / Brakes as required. or...
    SPOOL UP power firewalled, NOSE UP
    Power 1015, FLAPS up, 100 KIAS
    500' MAX until cleared crosswind or departing

No Flap approach and Landing
* The No Flap approach and landing are the same as the Full Flap approach & landing with exceptions:

  1. 15° prior to abeam - Power 275 ft-lbs
  2. 180° - 95 kts
  3. Maintain 95 kts throughout final/approach
  4. Climbout airspeed after touch and go - 100 kts


  1. Spool Up 1015 ft-lbs, level the wings, center the ball
  2. Nose Up to climbing attitude, climb out at 100 kts. TRIM
  3. 300' AGL / 400' MSL, raise flaps if necessary, accelerate to 100 kts. TRIM
  4. Move to pattern side of runway to avoid traffic and to keep aircraft on runway in sight.
  5. With interval, call Crosswind to re-enter the Downwind or depart the pattern.